What is Glaucoma: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Surgery


Glaucoma may be describes as a group of eye disorders which cause optic nerve damage (the neural pathway for forwarding visual signals to our brain), resulting in vision impairments if left untreated. The condition is commonly linked with the excess inner pressure of the eye, however there are also situations when the normal pressure or even the decreased pressure in the eye is observed. This article will help us to understand the causes and treatments of glaucoma. This article will also discuss best glaucoma surgery.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is the condition of the eyes that are progressively in nature and cause damage to the optic nerve; the optic nerve is a small tube that carries visual information from the eyes to the brain. This damage results from pressure of the fluid inside the eye known as intraocular pressure (IOP), that is increased. On the other hand, glaucoma might also be a part of the normal or low IOP, thus being considered a complex and multifactorial disease.


Types of Glaucoma:

There are several types of glaucoma, including:

  • Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: This form has a gradual course of increasing the IOP values, which is associated with the gradual blocking of the drainage angle of the eye.
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma: This kind is caused when the pupil muscles are in spasm and it pushes forward the iris and eventually closes the drain of aqueous humor causing a sudden increase in IOP.
  • Normal-Tension Glaucoma: Specific optic nerve lesions apply although the IOP is in the normal range.
  • Secondary Glaucoma: Causes of cataract are various eye disorders such as uveitis, steroid use, or trauma.

Causes of Glaucoma:

Glaucoma’s exact etiology is still unclear and thought to include a complex mixture of genetic, environmental, and age-dependent characteristics. Extensions in IOP as it causes getting destroyed by optic nerve – is the most risky for glaucoma. It impairs it overtime. Eye is very sensitive part of body if your eyes are suffered from glaucoma or any other diseases then get in touch with best eye specialist doctor.

Symptoms of Glaucoma:

Glaucoma is one of those eye conditions that is called the silent thief of sight because typically there are almost no symptoms prior to the vision loss has become greatly clinically presented. However, as the condition progresses, symptoms may include:

  • Blurred visiongirlsquintingfrowningascannotreadsignhavingbadsighttakingoffglassescannotlookclearasobservingblurimagestandingbotheredquestionedgraybackground_17642054734.jpg
  • Halos around lights
  • Severe eye pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

If you suffered from any one of above symptoms then get in touch with eye hospital in kalyan and consult with best eye specialist in Thane.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

Glaucoma is diagnosed during a complete eye check that consists of measuring intraocular pressure (IOP), examination of the optic nerve, and observation of the visual field. Course of the treatment consists of lowering the IOP in order to prevent the optic nerve destructing and preserve vision. This can be achieved through:

  • Medication: Reducing IOP by eye drops or by oral medications is another possibility.
  • Laser Eye Surgery: For instance, laser trabeculoplasty and iridotomy might serve as a way to facilitate the drainage of some fluid from the eyes.
  • Surgery: If the pills and lasers are incapable of producing the right solution for draining the fluid from the eye, the surgery may be scheduled and a new channel will be created for the fluid to escape the eye.

Benefits of Best Glaucoma Surgery:

Best Glaucoma surgery can offer several benefits for patients with glaucoma, including:

  • Lowering Intraocular Pressure: Surgery moderates IOP and thus leads to a lower risk of sight-damaging events in the optic nerve.
  • Preserving Vision: Through the exclusion of more water in the eyes, surgery can keep sight in check and limit the impairment of an eye even further.
  • Reducing the Need for Medication: Some patients can successfully eliminate or decrease the intake of drugs for a glaucoma after surgery.
  • Improving Quality of Life: Glaucoma surgery can save vision and ensure to reduce the risk of blindness thereby it’s able to provide the patients with glaucoma a decent life.


Glaucoma is a coercive eye disease that is likely to be a cause of loss of vision and blindness once it not treated. Nevertheless, finding out the disease in due course and administering the appropriate medicament the advancement of glaucoma can be stopped or slowed down. The surgical treatment of glaucoma remains the most effective option for lowering their IOP and preventing the patients from deterioration and improve their quality of life. Despite all these there is no worry about the loss of sight, regular eye exams and early intervention are still the key way to cope with glaucoma and avoid blindness.

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